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RSIP Objectives and Gaols
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Goals and Objectives-
The goal of this study trip to Henry County Rural School is to provide a basis for the interpretation and historical demonstration of education in a one-room schoolhouse.
Instructors using this guide will be able to adapt the information to Missouri Department of Education curriculum standards.
Lesson plans will support the study of reading, mathematics, penmanship, spelling, geography or physiology, with the emphasis being mostly on the historical aspects of early American education in a one-room schoolhouse.
The assistance of the instructors will be needed to form three reading or work groups with similar levels of competence. The groups will be called A- lowest level, B- middle group and C- higher or students able to work more independent. The museum volunteers will provide the appropriate level of textbooks for the variety of educational activities.
Preparations Before Your Visit-
Prepare name tags for each person to wear. Travel with emergency contact information on each person.
Assign seat partners to share the wooden desks according to sex, height, and compatibility. Small desks at the front of the room accommodate shorter children with taller students on the back rows. Seating chart attached.
Assist the one-room school volunteers by providing current class work- list of spelling words and math problems. What grammar rules or parts of speech are your students learning. What topics are students studying in geography or science?
Discuss with your class some of the background information provided. Go over one-room schoolhouse vocabulary words. Review the discipline and manners of 19th century students and learn Classroom Rules. Discuss the history of The Pledge of Allegiance and memorize the pledge to be used at the one-room school.
There is no heating or air conditioning in the school. Please dress appropriately for the temperature. A sack lunch will have to be provided by the school cafeteria or students can bring their lunch in a pail. See optional pre-visit activities. All trash must be taken with you when you leave
Typically, one-room schoolhouses had an outhouse as a restroom facility. Ours is just for show and not functional. If possible, try to take care of this need before arriving. A modern restroom is available at the Museum Adair Annex across the street from Highland School. This facility may be used during short recess break or at lunch time or as needed by having an adult escorting the student.
Construct a Copybook- See example booklet
Using sample page with lines, photocopy pages for booklets using good writing paper, newsprint will absorb ink and blur. Fold each sheet in half. Cover the front and back with heavy dark construction paper. Print student’s name on front cover. Staple together cover and 3 double sheets. The stapler was patented in 1886.
Pledge of Allegiance- It was originally published in The Youth Companion in 1892. The words “United States of American” were added in 1923 and “one nation under God” were added in 1954. Memorize the originally form- “I pledge allegiance to the Flag and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty, and justice for all”.
Other optional activities-
Make a lunch pail. Collect large, metal cans like coffee, vegetable, or shortening cans. Cover outside with grey paper or spray paint. Punch two holes near the rim on opposite sides. Use stiff wire as a short handle. Fill with lunch items. Lunch would be leftovers from supper or breakfast. Meat, jelly or honey on homemade bread, biscuit or cornbread wrapped in butcher paper or cloth. Seasonal fruit, vegetables, cookies or cake might be in their lunch pail. Drape can with cloth napkin or bandanna to cover the top of the can.
Dressing the part of a pioneer student. Plain, simple clothing was the norm. Appropriate dress for girls could include long or below the knee prairie style dresses, aprons, shawls and bonnets. Boys should be in dark trousers, overalls, jeans, solid or check shirts, suspenders, vests and boots.
Post Visit Activities
Have the students draw pictures portraying what a one-room schoolhouse was like or about some aspect of the day they enjoyed.
Have the students write a journal entry, using the current month and day with the year 1890, to give an account of their day at school.
Have the students compare and contrast how their life is different today then if they lived in a earlier time period. Explain by writing examples.
Henry County Rural School Classroom Activities
McGuffey’s Readers will be used with the reading groups.
Ray’s Arithmetic Series will be used for math fundamentals.
Mathematics will be done on slate tablets or at chalkboard or copy books.
Spelling might take the form of a Spelling Bee or on slate tablets or copy books.
Penmanship- Practice to perfect the students signature with a pen and ink station.
Geography- Construct and label map of Missouri denoting Henry County.
Social Studies- Draw a timeline of the evolution of communications or lighting.
Recess- Playing games typical for children living in the mid to late 1800.